Science

Group Assignments

Choose a Scientific realm (or scientist) that you can argue had its/his or her stimulus as a result of the Battle of the Atlantic.

1. Enigma

In World War II, the Nazi military employed an encryption scheme that addressed the weakness of simple substitution ciphers. This scheme, implemented by typewriter-sized devices known as Enigma machines, gave the Nazis a tactical advantage that greatly contributed to their early success in the war. In fact, the eventual breaking of this coding scheme by researchers at Bletchley Park, England (including Alan Turing) is hailed as one of the turning points of the war.

Choose one of the following; research and make a PowerPoint presentation.

2. The Forecast for today is...

Forecasting the weather is something we take for granted each day. We are now able to forecast for macro and micro regions on a 24 hr basis. Your school bar-b-que or sports event can usually be planned and conducted with some weather foresight. This scientific service (Meteorology) is rarely given second thought unless your event is ruined! Weather forecasting was a Secret during WWII. Furthermore, it was in its infancy. Knowledge of weather patterns was established but daily forecasts were not common. At the start of WWII, the science of meteorology was not a high profile branch and there were not many meteorologists. With the onset of the Battle of the Atlantic, the need for seaborne invasions such as Torch and Overlord, and in the Pacific Island hopping campaign, the need for accurate weather forecasts was critical to success. The Allies and Germans viewed the data gathering as strategic.

Choose one of the following; research and make PowerPoint presentation.

3. Plate Tectonics

There are few who are unaware of the 2011 Earthquake (Magnitude 9) and Tsunami that struck Japan. We are now conversant with the dynamics of Plate Tectonics and the impact of their destructive power. How is this realm of study linked to the Battle of the Atlantic? Well, the study of oceans and seabed was precipitated by the U-boat war. The need to understand the currents, depths, salinity profiles and much more was the task of the oceanographer. The work that enabled the Allies to improve anti-submarine sonar and radar became of paramount importance. The “side-knowledge” resulting in the evolution of this branch of science included evidence to support Alfred Wegener's Theory of Continental Drift. The irony here is that Wegener was a German Scientist.

Choose one of the following; research and make a PowerPoint presentation.