Assignment: Geographic Influences
The geography of the Atlantic ocean played a crucial role in the almost 6-year conflict.
- The ocean ranges from the frigid Arctic to the Antarctic through temperate, tropic and equatorial climatic zones. The weather patterns in these zones had a great influence on the strategic use of convoys, convoy protection as well as on U-boat deployment.
- The ocean currents such as the Gulf Stream Drift played a strategic role in that its moderating influence in the northern latitudes off the North British and Norwegian coastal regions facilitated an ice free passage for ships.
- The meeting of the warm Gulf Stream and the Cold Labrador current off Newfoundland was the principal factor in the creation of great fog banks. This phenomena was of great importance to the protagonists of the sea war: a benefit to the convoys and the allies, an impediment to the German U-boats.
- Salinity, in particular that of the Gulf of the St. Lawrence, played a role in reducing the effectiveness of the underwater anti-submarine detection systems and, by default, was a benefit to those U-boats that ventured into this critically important Canadian coastal region.
Choose one of the above Geographic influences and write a brief account of how it played an important role in the outcome of a specific event.